In this article, the topics to be discussed about diabetes and its types and an introductory sentence will be included. Diabetes is a disease that occurs when blood sugar levels in the body cannot be controlled. Blood sugar is a fuel used to provide energy to cells in the body. However, in people with diabetes, the body cannot produce or use enough of a hormone called insulin.
The most common types of diabetes are Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes usually occurs in childhood or adolescence and the body does not produce insulin. Therefore, Type 1 diabetes patients need lifelong insulin injections. Type 2 diabetes usually occurs in adulthood and the body cannot use insulin sufficiently. This type of diabetes is often associated with factors such as lifestyle factors, obesity , and genetic predisposition.
Both types of diabetes can cause serious health problems. It is necessary to control diabetes, keep blood sugar levels within normal ranges and apply appropriate treatment methods. In this article, diagnosis and treatment methods of Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes, risk factors, lifestyle changes and other important issues will be discussed.
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes is a type of diabetes in which the body’s ability to produce insulin is completely lost. It usually occurs during childhood or adolescence. This disease occurs when the immune system accidentally destroys pancreatic cells. Insulin is essential for regulating the body’s blood sugar level. Individuals with Type 1 Diabetes need to take external insulin supplements to control their blood sugar levels, as their bodies cannot produce insulin.
Type 1 Diabetes is usually diagnosed with blood tests. Tests such as fasting blood glucose test and glucose tolerance test are used in individuals with high blood sugar levels. Treatment is provided by insulin injections. Individuals with Type 1 Diabetes need to take their daily dose of insulin regularly and monitor their blood sugar levels. It is also important to maintain a healthy lifestyle, exercise regularly and follow a balanced diet. Type 1 Diabetes is a lifelong disease and requires regular treatment and care.
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes is a disease in which the body cannot produce enough insulin or the insulin produced cannot be used effectively. This type of diabetes, which is usually seen in adults , is associated with risk factors such as obesity , a sedentary lifestyle, genetic factors and aging.
In this type of diabetes, body cells cannot use insulin effectively and blood sugar levels rise. Treatment of type 2 diabetes includes lifestyle changes, weight control, regular exercise and a healthy eating plan. In addition, medication or insulin injections may be required in some cases.
To reduce risk factors, it is important for people with diabetes to adopt a healthy lifestyle. Lifestyle changes such as regular physical activity, eating a balanced diet, managing stress, and not smoking can help keep blood sugar levels in check.